COP25 Decisions relevant to Tokelau

The 25th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP25) to the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC) took place in Madrid, Spain, December 2-13, 2019. The Ulu
o Tokelau, Hon. Kelihiano Kalolo, supported by two officials, participated at COP25. The Tokelau delegation
were part of the New Zealand delegation.

The final COP25 decision, Chile Madrid Time for Action,
include several references to issues of importance to Tokelau; ambitious climate actions for all Parties,
Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) (features, Information needed the Clarity, Transparency and
Understanding of mitigation contribution (ICTU) and Accounting), carbon markets, adaptation, finance,
technology framework, capacity building, gender, incorporating the ocean mitigation and adaptation to the
climate change agenda, the impact of the implementation of policies and measures to mitigate GHG emissions.

Relevant COP25 decisions:
  • Notes with concern the state of the global climate system; (paragraph 3)
  • Recognizes that action taken to address climate change is most effective if it is based on best available science and continually re-evaluated in the light of new findings; (paragraph 4)
  • Also recognizes the role of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in providing scientific input to inform Parties in strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty; (paragraph 5)
  • Expresses its appreciation and gratitude to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the scientific community for providing the 2019 Special Reports, which reflect the best available science, and encourages Parties to continue to support the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; (Paragraph 6)
  • Re-emphasizes with serious concern the urgent need to address the significant gap between the aggregate effect of Parties’ mitigation efforts in terms of global annual emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 and aggregate emission pathways consistent with holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels; (paragraph 8)
  • Recalls that the current need for adaptation is significant and that greater levels of mitigation can reduce the need for additional adaptation efforts, and that greater adaptation needs can involve greater adaptation costs; (paragraph 9)
  • Stresses the urgency of enhanced ambition in order to ensure the highest possible mitigation and adaptation efforts by all Parties; (paragraph 10)
  • Emphasizes the continued challenges that developing countries face in accessing financial, technology and capacity-building support, and recognizes the urgent need to enhance the provision of support to developing country Parties for strengthening their national adaptation and mitigation efforts; (paragraph 12)
  • Underlines the essential contribution of nature to addressing climate change and its impacts and the need to address biodiversity loss and climate change in an integrated manner; (paragraph 15)
  • Decides to hold, at its twenty-sixth (2020) session, a round table among Parties and non-Party stakeholders on pre-2020 implementation and ambition; (paragraph 19)
  • Invites Parties and non-Party stakeholders to submit inputs via the submission portal5 by September 2020 to inform the round table referred to in paragraph 19 above; (paragraph 20)
  • Commends the efforts of the President of the Conference of the Parties at its twenty fifth session to highlight the importance of the ocean, including as an integral part of the Earth’s climate system, and of ensuring the integrity of ocean and coastal ecosystems in the context of climate change; (paragraph 30)
  • Requests the Chair of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to convene at its fifty-second session (June 2020) a dialogue on the ocean and climate change to consider how to strengthen mitigation and adaptation action in this context; (paragraph 31)

MiCORE will continue to work with other government agencies, New Zealand, and international partners, to
ensure Tokelau meaningful contribution to 2020 negotiations in the lead up to and at COP26 in Glasgow,
Scotland, 9 to 20 November 2020.

For further information, contact Ms Paula Faiva, Director, MiCORE via email: