The TNSO undertook the 2013 Population Count in December 2013 in order to meet the requirements of Tokelau's constitution. The count forms the basis for the number of elected representatives for each nuku at the General Fono.
The 2013 Population Count was undertaken in accordance with the Statistics Rules 2013, and the Constitution of Tokelau 2009.
Counting the population
The TNSO counts every man, woman, and child in Tokelau, as well as Tokelauan Tokelau Public Service employees based in Apia, and their immediate families.
To be considered a usual resident of Tokelau for the purposes of the count people must fit within specific criteria. The usual resident criteria
describe who can be counted as part of the usually resident population of Tokelau. It is available in English and Tokelauan.
The Population Count was held on different days, in different atolls. This was to allow one trained team to travel to each nuku in order to undertake the count in a consistent manner. The dates for the count in each nuku were:
- Fakaofo - Friday, 6 December
- Nukunonu - Tuesday, 10 December
- Atafu - Thursday, 12 December.
The forms used in the 2013 Population Count are similar to the forms used in the 2006 and 2011 censuses. They include a limited number of questions, designed to determine and update information on the usually resident population of Tokelau. Four forms are used in the Count, one for each nuku, and one for the Tokelauan Tokelau Public Service employees and their immediate families based in Apia, Samoa.